- October 14 2021
Federation Architecture Australia is divided into a few sub-groups, such as Arts and Crafts, and comes in various sizes, including semi-detached homes. Architect-designed architecture is more common than builder-designed architecture.
The name came from the Federation of Australia on January 1, 1901, and the architectural style was popular between 1890 and 1915. The design elements are a mix of Queen Anne and Edwardian styles from the United Kingdom.
Edwardian and Australian Federation Architecture is often two styles that are frequently confusing for some but are the same architectural style. The term ‘Edwardian‘ refers to a popular home style in Australia during the Federation, named after King Edward (1901-1910). The Australian adaptation of Edwardian architecture is now known as Federation style.EXAMPLES OF FEDERATION ARCHITECTURE IN AUSTRALIA
The Arts & Crafts, Queen Anne, Federation Bungalow, Anglo-Dutch, Warehouse, as well as Federation Queenslander architectural styles all emerged during the Federation period.
The best examples of the turn-of-the-century type are generally found in the leafy or garden suburbs surrounding the more densely subdivided Victorian belts of capital cities and regional centres and are sometimes referred to as “Edwardian.” They also show up in pairs on farms where the early 1900s wool checks were renowned for being generous.CHARACTERISTICS OF FEDERATION STYLE HOUSES IN AUSTRALIA
- Cast-iron latticework
- Decorative timber fretwork
- High ceilings
- Leadlight windows with white-painted frames
- Dominant roof lines with gables, hips, and exposed rafter ends
- Highly ornamental interior design
- Manicured garden and landscaping
- Terracotta tiles, corrugated iron, or pitched slate roof
- Front verandahs
- Paved patio, driveway, and pathway
Despite earlier style influences, advances marked this architectural period in roofing adornment, finials, and decorative ridge tiles. Decorative wrought iron was initially popular during this period, but its popularity faded as decorative and expert ornamental woodwork became more popular. Buildings’ brickwork became more decorative as well.
Buildings began to place a greater emphasis on adornment and decoration, with brickwork being used decoratively around windows and doors and in chimneys in some cases. The popularity of leadlight windows persisted during this period. Still, the earlier preference for a long verandah gave way to the entry porch, which featured decorative wooden additions instead of wrought iron adornments.
Red brick exteriors, stained glass, bay windows, return verandahs, tessellated tiles, pressed-metal ceilings, finials, turned-timber posts and fretwork, a long central corridor, and slate or terracotta tile roofs distinguish Federation or Edwardian homes.
Another feature of detached Federation houses is that they are frequently built on large lots. They’re in Haberfield, Mosman, Neutral Bay, Burwood, and Centennial Park in Sydney. They can be found in Melbourne’s inner east and southeast. They are concentrated in Brisbane’s western suburbs and wealthy riverside areas.WHY AUSTRALIANS LOVE FEDERATION HOUSES
While some Australians prefer modern and art-deco architecture styles, there’s still a lot of appreciation for federation architecture. The flora and fauna of the country are highlighted in this classic residential architecture. The woodwork was encrusted with nature (e.g., sunrise motifs, vines, flowers). Many Federation homes also have lush native plant gardens. These two items demonstrate how proud and ecstatic Australians were of their country.FEDERATION HOUSES TODAY
Many Federation-style structures are now included in the Register of the National Estate. These are being preserved because of their historical significance. Also, they fall under the category of one of the most desirable homes in urban areas, with the desirable and elegant aesthetics that bring back the vibe of the Edwardian period.